Species Introduction


13 species of land hermit crabs were introduced before. After seeking via the web, currently up to 17 species were listed as below. Please click species name to enter the page.


01. Birgus latro Linnaeus, 1767

02. Coenobita scaevola Forskål, 1775

03. Coenobita clypeatus Herbst, 1791

04. Coenobita compressus H. Milne Edwards, 1837

05. Coenobita perlatus H. Milne Edwards, 1837

06. Coenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837

07. Coenobita spinosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837

08. Coenobita olivieri Owen, 1839

09. Coenobita carnescens Dana, 1851

10. Coenobita brevimanus Dana, 1852

11. Coenobita cavipes Stimpson, 1858

12. Coenobita purpureus Stimpson, 1858

13. Coenobita violascens Heller, 1862

14. Coenobita rubescens Greeff, 1884

15. Coenobita longitarsis de Man, 1902

16. Coenobita variabilis MoCulloch, 1909

17. Coenobita pseudorugosus Nakasone, 1988

18. Coenobita lila Rahayu, Shih & Ng, 2016


Coenobita new species

New species related to Coenobita violascens

New species related to Coenobita rugosus

Species related to Coenobita carnescens


Species introduction classifies land hermit crabs by their body colour, characteristics and sizes etc. Hope that these information can let all of you have better knowledge and understanding about the features of different species. Please contact me through Email if you want to discuss about the species.

According to <Asakura A., 2004. Recent topics on taxonomy of hermit crabs from Japanese waters - family Coenobitidae >, we can mainly see the following 3 points to define a species.

1. If there are ridge (////) on upper outer surface of palm of left cheliped
2. If there are brush of setae on upper margins of both cheliped
3. The shape of male coxae of 5th legs


Thank you very much to all of you for providing images.